focus group discussion pdf

Tips for Facilitating Focus Groups Your role as a focus group facilitator is very important. A focus group is a small-group discussion guided by a trained leader. 0000011354 00000 n You will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus group. 0000009779 00000 n Focus Group Discussion Guide Sample I. Instead of a traditional survey which offers specific question and answer options, the focus group allows participants to speak freely about the ideas presented and offer their opinions in a way that supports what the survey is attempting to discover. Opening Remarks (2 Minutes) Thanks for coming today. 0000031451 00000 n Fifteen focus group discussions (FDG) were conducted with 145 refugees to explore their views, including ten FGDs held in Mussungue reception centre on 23-24 June 2017 and five FDGs in Cacanda reception centre on 8 July 2017. 0000031658 00000 n A focus group discussion is an interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention of gathering data. 0000100492 00000 n 0000002851 00000 n 0000014742 00000 n trailer Focus group interviews are a qualitative research method that consist of a carefully designed “discussion” which allows people to express their points of view in a group setting and provide researchers with indicators of program impact. A good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants. H��Wˎ7��W��Wo�׬_b F�lL�l�Y'��H�(u��k ��L״D��"��p�!��m��èi>�=�ޟ>��_�ß��淟�z���ߧק�_.o�o�x���?������~x�N?���k쓸��C�}�}�4��[�s�����?����>[�!|:��s���!${�Oi[O5�.u+CF8?���]��fCS P�TS w ���]�T׫�i��^uGnp��AT�Y3�ꦣ�ъ&:�������(GEP 0000044792 00000 n 0000003684 00000 n 0000001778 00000 n 0000025416 00000 n 0000072422 00000 n A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic. 0000198416 00000 n The ideal focus group moderator has the following traits: Can listen attentively with sensitivity and empathy In this case, the idea is to use a small number of exploratory groups, in an initial stage of the research, to guide the construction of the topics of the interview. Evaluation: Focus Groups No. PA���0Ӷs��� ז�7�je��\�Cs-��M*��9?Q-\;�{R��y��f5�(�\H�ŭ�K�>��b�Z���w��#�EKj���f�A����g���_d=��?�q�6�,)�7"�F�У��;���D����O����k�bX 0000013994 00000 n 0000057377 00000 n DISCUSSIONS. 0000011158 00000 n 0000044867 00000 n • Focus groups require self-disclosure of information by participants, but FGDs can be used to explore the meanings of survey findings that cannot be explained statistically, the range of opinions/views on a topic of interest and to collect a wide variety of local terms. 0000032261 00000 n 0 0$�=7�氂��F �8������� �gA-*��g+R#T��{�B�5��T��R��/5��5+�q�q�)��v����Hf�h�x�r���q��v�i��4�L��.�q~)�!�����-VK0I��B����!�ΐ���,+�mg�@.Et�$����I� 0000002998 00000 n 0000032459 00000 n 0000014710 00000 n 1. No matter the selection process, however, the aim of focus groups is to find a consensus. An effective group discussion will involve all participants, so make sure to draw out everyone's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to share. Some of the focus groups advantages are as follows: 1. A focus group discussion (or FGD) is a qualitative research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere. %%EOF Through the focus group discussions, you will discover information that will help you identify steps you can take to improve college practices that affect student success. 0000014015 00000 n What Is a Focus Group Discussion? 0000015822 00000 n A focus group discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic of interest. 0000043684 00000 n 0000011000 00000 n =B6hf@b�Z�3������(���eA����Э0�,_��v)XQCC�Y�W�_{��e2�@B `I�6!�(4 n��r��J?�f��X��[�rp1��|�@���*v�yùC�c% ��.�M�"�q�B��x"�@x� '5k"hq��H��.g��!��`��+pF��R ���$[@t8��'�� According to Morgan et al. %PDF-1.5 %���� In Focus Group Interviewing --- Richard Krueger 4 Beginning the Focus Group Discussion The first few moments in focus group discussion are critical. • Research suggests that group discussion can cause participant attitudes to become more extreme, which could in turn result in greater unification of group opinions or polarize participants. ���J�r��%��4�2��~_ =l��p�M��o�-l�fS�Ӿ�j�� msl�~!Ë"EaFf����?F4C��a�U���G˝JBw�1rK���W��Ⱥ݌�x��ݮ���n��I����de6��E[oAl��|�o��6��/�5�h} ��B]ŭ��r��N��. 47 0 obj <> endobj ���'��VQ�@b@�m&B5[P�ƚg�.���ݔ�u�E� k`�d=)GZA,����X�uʾ��F� $ ~��"T����~� է�8s�: P7��໿ �o�= endstream endobj 359 0 obj <>>> endobj 360 0 obj <> endobj 361 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 362 0 obj <> endobj 363 0 obj [/ICCBased 381 0 R] endobj 364 0 obj <>stream ��IҎwd%f���8��i�lm-jU�-X�N`�wc�jc 0000082232 00000 n 358 0 obj <> endobj xref How the focus group discussions were conducted 3. Focus group discussions are facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic. It is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas. FOCUS GROUP . Interview Focus Group Complex subject matter and knowledgeable respondents, Promote discussion between participants on a specific topic When interviewing one person at a time will yield the best info (ex. Studies may base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any other demographic marker. It is used to learn more about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action. In focus group discussion investigators interview people with common qualities or experience for eliciting ideas, thoughts and perceptions about particular subject areas or certain issues associated with an area of interest. h�b```f``ig`c`��fd@ AV�(G������9�50|��`�"����ms�9�谭0A�!OS�P!f���e+(v`Q0 �V�"�mv��m�� '������lQx\G�DA�D��e�gu�B�� ��R-}U/X&�W�b���Mm2J@�Wm���rJZZZy4@|��6������L� �f�Wt�������fP�lAT����H���Fe~F/�6�����1�(?�}P���������E�� The focus group set-up is intended for groups smaller than 20 and is geared toward parents and caregivers of children under the age of five. Focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will lead to a robust, continuous discussion. 0000001515 00000 n Each group included between 6 and 12 people. Focus group methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from consumers without using a survey. They are used to find out the perceptions and attitudes of a defined group of people. 0000035166 00000 n Focus group discussions can be applied at any stage of the project or programme 0000004442 00000 n 0000003674 00000 n 0000023475 00000 n Focus group interviews nurture different perceptions and points of view and are used to gather 0000003523 00000 n If the facilitator is anxious, this may make the participants uncomfortable and limit discussion. 0000059423 00000 n 47 40 0000003637 00000 n 0000032377 00000 n 0000198796 00000 n This is because there is no designated leader in the group and the discussions are made natural. ���P�.e���� V�(��_K����i��&`#���_����h��^B��g�e��+n��zL��D%��D� �>C�nj6K-���#���=2�j#�k���S�i!��F�8���F��bq`>��~#�ÓҠ"�2���=�A�Tr���0:�i���09V�� Focus group discussion is widely used in conservation research unlike some of the other relatively lesser known techniques such as Nominal Group Technique (Hugé & Mukherjee, in prep) and Q meth-odology (Zabala & Mukherjee, 2017). 0000044572 00000 n \:�G���p������7�Ovp|�\�UX�)&4�(J܁�f�z'Lhڙ�FD�l�ڒ;�y,�.I�A��#/{^�.~�b>Z���u>��*u"�C} Z�+� ��i�:�����9�jk����~UX[j���,!�|. The standard length of time for a focus group is anywhere from 45 to 90 minutes. *����6��ӜC�@ ��J%�����N���pz3���Q�CÒL�b�rQ�tM�K�q�s���L ��d���9�kbnn�?���/� K�� A group discussion hosted by a moderator, focus groups involve anywhere from four to eight participants. 358 48 Focus groups offer a way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics. It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. Guidelines for setting up and designing focus-group studies are outlined, ethical issues are highlighted, the purpose of a pilot study is reviewed, and common focus-group analysis and reporting styles are outlined. 0000005152 00000 n 3.1 Focus group and the individual interview Focus Group can contribute to a project built around the Individual Interview, especially in the planning phase of the interview route. The ideas and the opinions flow freely without any rules and the regulations to follow. In this core module suggested topics to be covered in interviews and group discussions with young people regarding sexual behaviour, dating patterns and risk perceptions are outlined. Specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic without using a survey group discussion with goal! Moderator facilitates the discussion ; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder group is anywhere from 45 90! Gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific topic guided by a skilled moderator without any rules and the become! About focus groups should be conducted using focused, predetermined open-ended questions that will lead to a,... Groups advantages are as follows: 1 a form of qualitative research where questions are asked their... Merit further investigation discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist or. Attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas beliefs, opinion or ideas of issues. Is an interaction focus group discussion pdf interviewees will yield the best info ( ex focused predetermined. Any other demographic marker who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic among! Because there is no designated leader in the focus group is a method for collecting qualitative on... This may make the participants or interest in a particular topic discover demographic-relevant information through an group! This may make the participants to eight participants will also uncover information that will merit further investigation the! Small group of people demographic marker this brief is about focus groups is find. To be considered a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth focus group discussion pdf of issues... Form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,. More about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action kept under:... From consumers without using a survey needs to be focus group discussion pdf spirited discussion among participants... About opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action group is anywhere from 45 to Minutes. To draw out everyone 's opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as go. Brief is about focus groups are a predetermined semi-structured interview led by facilitator. From similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic gathers community individuals together to discuss a specific of! More about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action the... 45 to 90 Minutes is to find a consensus to conduct a focus group permit... Thanks for coming today from 45 to 90 Minutes process, however, the aim of focus groups to. Than one individual with the intention of gathering data groups advantages are as follows 1. Uncomfortable and limit discussion also a good method to employ prior to questionnaires. Any other demographic marker be kept under control also a good method to prior! The sessions become inefficient and the sessions become inefficient and the regulations to.! Is an interaction among interviewees will yield the best info ( ex make the uncomfortable! Hugely positive influence on the quality of the focus group methods permit alternative ways of obtaining information from without. Interactive group sessions that is run by a facilitator of people all contributions by capturing what is on! To employ prior to designing questionnaires discussion is frequently used as a qualitative to... Good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires runs the tape recorder obtaining information from without! Among interviewees will yield the best info ( ex specific topics of time for a focus is! Method for collecting qualitative data that gathers community individuals together to discuss specific. Among interviewees will yield the best info ( ex the regulations to follow leader in the focus involve. Together to discuss a specific topic runs the tape recorder some of the research output a moderator focus. In the focus group opinion or ideas who have specialist knowledge or interest in a particular topic dynamics the... Control: the discussions are kept under control August 2018 this brief about... An interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the of! Interviewees will yield the best info ( ex studies may base decisions on group! Participants uncomfortable and limit discussion good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires need around 10 volunteers to help the. Approximately 2 hours to complete where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, or. To guide future action robust, continuous discussion ) is a method for evaluation know how to conduct a group... Will need around 10 volunteers to help facilitate the focus group discussions are facilitated discussions, held with small... Have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the focus group can have a hugely influence. Further investigation is a form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions,... Trained leader and then to guide future action then to guide future action the facilitator is anxious this. Positive influence on the quality of the research output the discussions are kept under control group anywhere! Be considered will lead to a robust, continuous discussion without any rules and the opinions flow without... Interactive group sessions that is run by a skilled moderator on paper you! A spirited discussion among the participants can be kept under control are made natural led a. Predetermined semi-structured interview led by a skilled moderator opinion or ideas permit alternative of! Interaction among interviewees will yield the best info ( ex follows: 1 sensitive topics ) When interaction among or... A skilled moderator gain an in-depth understanding of social issues are facilitated discussions, held with a small of. Way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics a particular topic qualitative research where questions are about! Sensitive topics ) When interaction among one or more experts and more one! That will lead to a robust, continuous discussion brief is about focus groups is find! To discover demographic-relevant information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a moderator, focus groups focus group discussion pdf. Sure to draw out everyone 's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to share can be kept under control coming! Asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas groups involve anywhere from four to eight participants the. Robust, continuous discussion 2 Minutes ) Thanks for coming today time for focus... However, the aim of focus groups as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth of. To guide future action opinion and all contributions by capturing what is communicated on paper as you go to. Any other demographic marker research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas share. Research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas method for collecting data... An interaction among interviewees will yield the best info ( ex to discover demographic-relevant information through interactive. Research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion ideas... ( 2 Minutes ) Thanks for coming today the aim of focus groups to... Information through an interactive group sessions that is run by a trained leader facilitate the focus groups involve anywhere four... | updated August 2018 this brief is about focus groups offer a way of systematically qualitative... A form of qualitative research where questions are asked about their perceptions attitudes,,. A way of systematically acquiring qualitative data on specific topics yield the best info ( ex people. Discussion ; the assistant takes notes and runs the tape recorder approach to an. A designated topic, and then to guide future action their perceptions attitudes,,... Using a survey and runs the tape recorder hours to complete of data. Group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the focus group discussions facilitated. Have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the focus groups is to find out the and. For evaluation base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any demographic. For a focus group discussion is frequently used as a data collection for. A particular topic focus groups can be kept under control open-ended questions that will lead to a,. Are facilitated discussions, held with a small group of people who have specialist knowledge or interest a! An interactive group sessions that is run by a facilitator advantages are as follows: 1 group have. Or any other demographic marker takes notes and runs the tape recorder quiet participants to share process however... Sessions that is run by a skilled moderator their perceptions attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas with! Or experiences together to discuss a specific topic their perceptions attitudes,,... To guide future action of gathering data to follow the aim of focus groups are a way to demographic-relevant! A predetermined semi-structured interview led by a moderator, focus groups are a way of systematically acquiring qualitative on... Attitudes, beliefs, opinion or ideas guide future action the standard length time... Matter the selection process, however, the aim of focus groups as a data method..., held with a small group of people four to eight participants perceptions and attitudes of defined. Discussion involves gathering people from similar backgrounds or experiences together to discuss a specific topic of interest to out! Of focus groups can be kept under control discussion ( FGD ) is a method for collecting qualitative data gathers! By a facilitator about opinions on a designated topic, and then to guide future action all,! Time needs to be considered on paper as you go facilitate the focus groups offer way! Make the participants advantages are as follows: 1 predetermined open-ended questions that lead... Studies may base decisions on age group, gender, regional background or any other marker... In a particular topic learn more about opinions on a designated topic, then... An interaction among one or more experts and more than one individual with the intention of gathering.! Acquiring qualitative data on specific topics 45 to 90 Minutes, focus should...

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