social and political conditions in the restoration period

The people of England were suffering from tension due to strict rule of Cromwell. At bottom, it affected the economic support for the musician. Restoration literature, English literature written after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following the period of the Commonwealth. 2 Mar. This political event coincides with (and to some extent is responsible for) changes in the literary, scientific, and cultural life of Britain. Within these circumstances, the Age of Satire was born. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Japan’s goal of achieving fukoku kyohei, “rich country; strong military”, fuelled major political, economic and social changes during the Meiji Restoration. Start studying Meiji restoration causes and political and economic effects. Through the use of satire, they were able to expose and critique social injustices. Thus this time is often also called the Age of Reason or Enlightenment. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1st ed. ~Alexander Pope. The Northern abolitionists' states were mainly responsible for the Civil war in many political, social and economic aspects. THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. This indispensable introductory guide offers students a number of highly focused chapters on key themes in Restoration history. [5] Babylonian retribution was not long delayed, for in 597 B.C.E. The biggest political issue during the Restoration period was the Restoration itself. The Augustans deemed classical literature as natural, that these works were the idealized models for writing. Reason was an unchanging, uniquely human characteristic that served as a guide for man. The Longman Anthology of British Literature. Many of the key concepts of Restoration philosophy emerged in the last decades of the eighteenth century, when writers such as Edmund Burke (Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1790), Joseph de Maistre (Considerations sur la France, 1796), and Novalis (Christenheit oder Europa,1799) launched an assault on the Enlightenment and its seemingly destructive and sinful cult of abstract reason. Chicago’s population increased tenfold from 1870 to 1900, for example. Matthew White introduces the key events of this period, from the coronation of Charles I to the Glorious Revolution more than 60 years later. However after 1688, a sense of health and stability returned to the English social and political scene. would enable the practitioners of various arts to imitate or reproduce the structures or themes of Greek or Roman originals” (Victorian Web). The Gilded Age saw impressive economic growth and the unprecedented expansion of major cities. This outlook became known as Humanism and has had a pr… The Neoclassical “ideals of order, logic, restraint, accuracy, ‘correctness,’ decorum,. The Restoration Period (1660-1700) The eighteenth century in English literary history generally opens with the Restoration period as a kind of preface, which is held to prolong itself until the new century dawns. Previously, Japan had followed the feudal system with strict class rules. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell. Damrosch, David, and Kevin J.H. This political event coincides with (and to some extent is responsible for) changes in the literary, scientific, and cultural life of Britain. Commodore Matthew Perry’s arrival at Edo Bay (Tokyo was once named Edo) in 1853 demonstrated to Japan the superior military power of the West. The Restoration refers to the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II was restored to the throne of England following an eleven-year Commonwealth period during which the country was governed by Parliament under the direction of the Puritan General Oliver Cromwell. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. D… Are you a teacher? “Restoration Drama”. Japanese citizens now had the freedom to change their social class, where they lived, and their occupations. These inventions provided the bases for modern consumerism and industrial productivity. 2008. A. England shifted from an aristocratic Catholic monarchy to a parliamentary democracy. The preceding period of the Protectorate and the civil wars came to be known as the Interregnum (1649–1660). Great Britain continued to expand as a global power, and the standard of living rose. But the changes to life across the country were even more profound than in 1649, for the introduction of a puritan social agenda, from 1642 to Cromwell’s death, had been a gradual process. United States: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1987. 3rd ed. This change in the political, economic, and social order had a profound effect on all musical life. One of the main political aspects of the Restoration era was the revival of High Church Anglicanism, which had been in retreat ever since the outbreak of the English Civil War. Dettmar. Theatre History. Fielding, Henry. ~The Longman Anthology of British Literature, Those RULES of old discover’d, not devis’d, This revival was an inevitable development, given that the High Church wing of Anglicanism had long provided a spiritual buttress to the English monarchy. Socialism was also involved in the formation of the new government, particularly the in the creation of the oligarchy. When viewing it at as a whole, the Meiji Restoration did exhibit ideas from the majorly state socialism but in retrospect it was not fundamentally socialist. During this time, a premium was placed on the importance of human reason and on an empirical philosophy that held that knowledge about the world was through the senses and by applying reason to what we take in through our senses. The south had been waiting for an excuse to secede form the union, the election of Lincoln by the North was their chance. Politically, the Northerners contributed immensely to the … This is called Restoration because in this period the English literary tradition was restored with the restoration of English monarchy. One of the main political aspects of the Restoration era was the revival of High Church Anglicanism, which had been in retreat ever since the outbreak of the English Civil War. This changed the lives of people in all of the different social classes. https://britlitwiki.wikispaces.com/The+Restoration+and+the+18th+Century, 1660: Restoration–Charles II, Stuart monarchy, 1685: James, Duke of York, succeeds his brother Charles II, 1688: Glorious Revolution–James II deposed, William and Mary share the English throne, 1689: Bill of Rights–limits crown, affirms supremacy of Parliament, 1689: Toleration Act–religious freedom for dissenters, 1707: Act of Union–England and Scotland for Great Britain. … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the period of Restoration, because monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to … Sign up now. the Chaldean armies invaded Judah and attacked Jerusalem. Only those men with substantial property or wealth were entitled to vote – this amounted to around 200,000 individuals, which was only a tiny fraction of the population. The social hierarchy changed as well during the Meiji period. With the help of satire, writers were better able to educate the public through literature. Technological innovations of the time included the telephone, skyscraper, refrigerator, car, linotype machine, electric lightbulb, typewriter, and electric motor, as well as advances in chromolithography, steel production, and many other industries. Reconstruction of Church government, particularly the social and political conditions in the restoration period the South had been waiting an. Political conditions of Europe in the South had been waiting for an excuse to form... For example that served as a global power, and their occupations End-of-Year sale—Join now it not! 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