how to grow thai basil outdoors

Select an 8- to 12-inch diameter planter with good drainage. One manufacturer recommends a solution of 2 teaspoons of fertilizer in 1 gallon of water; reduce that to 1 teaspoon for Thai basil. For the most vigorous garden plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. How to propagate Thai basil An annual herb, Thai basil is best grown from seed sown in punnets or trays before being transplanted out into the garden. Care needed to grow a sweet basil plant varies slightly between indoor and outdoor cultivation. **Adding compost at planting time provides garden Thai basil with the necessary nutrients for the entire growing season. Learn more. When you harvest your growing Thai basil plant, take it down to about 6 inches (15 cm.). Plant the new basil in a sunny area, water in and fertilize with a nutrient rich fish emulsion or seaweed solution two to three times during their active growing season. Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. Basil should be fertilized on a regular basis with organic fertilizer. Leaf colors span from rich green to deep purple, with smooth or crinkled leaves… By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Like sweet basil, Thai basil is a perennial. A windowsill is often a good place to grow your basil but make sure that it is free from draughts - some windows, even double-glazed ones, sometimes let small draughts in and basil hates draughts. The deeper root zone makes a huge difference when growing basil in containers. You can put basil in bouquets, tisanes, soups, and almost any fish dish. thyrsiflora) is a member of the mint family and as such has a particular sweet flavor reminiscent of anise, licorice and clove. Don’t even think of planting the larger and more vigorous green basils, cinnamon basil, or Thai basil in a pot smaller than 12” (30 cm). You can keep a plant in a pot going all summer long by moving it into a slightly bigger container every time roots show through the drainage holes in the bottom – plants could end up in a 20cm (8in) container. If your choice is to purchase from the nursery, pick up a rosemary plant as well. How to Grow Basil Make sure that the soil is moist. Herb Society of America: Basil Growing Guide, Landreth Seed Company Newsletter: Container Gardening -- Things Every Container Gardener Should Know. The basil seeds may germinate naturally in an outdoor garden and provide tiny new basil plants come spring. An 8-inch lettuce bowl or 6-inch pot has room for a single plant. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! In a pinch, you can bruise the leaves of basil and rub the oils on your skin as a mosquito repellent. Unless, you are growing Thai basil as an ornamental, cut the flower off several days before harvest so the plant can focus all its energy on the leaves. All the time you are growing basil indoors the light will coming from only one direction and the plant will tend to grow towards that light. If in doubt, plant in a greenhouse, tunnel house or inside. If you make a mistake, cut the stem all the way back to the next set of leaves. Over-watering will cause the leaves to yellow and drop, and under-watering will make flowers and buds suffer, so it is important to attain a balance when watering Thai basil. It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. Thai basil can be grown alongside common sweet basil. Always follow label recommendations for the amount and frequency of fertilizer applications. How to Grow & Use Basil; where to buy thai basil seeds To get a quality crop that lasts from early spring to mid-autumn, it’s best to grow basil in a container. All Rights Reserved. Boasting maroon-stemmed, glossy-green leaves and blue-violet blossoms attractive enough to grace flower arrangements, Thai basil grows equally well as a garden or container plant. Space the plants 10 to 12 inches apart. Grow basil in well-drained, fertile soil in a warm, sheltered position out of direct midday sun. One inch of weekly water through the growing season keeps a garden plant healthy. long on purple stems with purple flowers. National Gardening Association: Plant Care Guides -- Basil. In any case, it’s better to avoid growing Thai basil at a temperature below 68°F (20°C) during the … Thai Basil has aromatic, pointed green leaves with a hint of licorice flavor. It can sustain much larger plants, and they don’t dry out quite as quickly. If we look at how to plant Thai basil in the home garden, our first concern is obtaining the plants. Basil is an annual plant, and like me, it enjoys a somewhat tropical environment. It also dries and freezes well so you can have the herb to use all winter long. Start your seeds off in pots of moist peat-free multi-purpose compost on a warm but not sunny windowsill. 3. Thai basil leaves are at their fragrant, flavorful best just as flower buds emerge. Adding compost at planting time provides garden Thai basil with the necessary nutrients for the entire growing season. Nighttime temperature must not go below 50° Fahrenheit or 10° Celsius. Popular among the cuisines of Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, growing Thai basil has a pleasing aroma similar to sweet basil and is generally used fresh in recipes. When growing basil indoors for transplant, start them 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost date. thyrsiflora) finds its way into curries, stir fries and other Asian specialties. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. And growing basil outside rather than indoors is the easiest of all — it grows throughout USDA zones 2 to 11, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Once frozen, remove from the tray and store in resealable bags in the freezer for up to two months. If you choose to add fertilizer, a light application of a liquid fertilizer twice a season is all you really need for basil growing outdoors. Thai basil plants need at least six hours of direct sunlight to flourish. Likewise, it should be kept watered to avoid drying the soil quickly. To get the highest yield of tender and flavorful leaves, pinch the tip of each branch, starting in early summer when the plants are 6" tall, to encourage bushiness. Mix the water-soluble liquid with water according to the manufacturer's instructions, and apply it at the same time you water your plants. If the plant is between 6 and 8 inches tall, it's large enough to harvest for the kitchen. Now that you have harvested the basil, what are you going to do with it? Simply add basil to mayonnaise for a basic aioli. It grows very much like common basil except when it flowers it has nice deep purple flowers. Be sure to try Thai basil, holy basil, and red rubin basil — each variety has its own characteristics. Work in the early morning after the dew has dried from the leaves, and be sure to leave at least three sets of leaves on each stem. A container plant, however, needs regular fertilizing to compensate for the nutrients rain and watering leach from its potting mix. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ocimum Basilicum, Napa Master Gardener Column: Your Garden in June, Ohio State University Department of Horticulture and Crop Science: Growing, Selecting, and Using Basil. If the gauge holds 3/4 inch of water, for example, provide 1 1/2 gallons of water for every 10 square feet of soil. Basil hates having wet roots overnight, so aim to water plants in the morning if possible. Will you start by growing basil seeds or basil plants? Basil can also be grown as a window ledge plant all year round. Water weekly but keep the water off the leaves; water from the base. Start seed indoors for 4 weeks before introducing to the outside environment for 2 weeks prior to planting. 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If you use clippers, disinfect them between cuts in rubbing alcohol to avoid spreading disease. Basil plants like moisture. Well-drained soil is good soil for basil. Handle the plants carefully, as they are quite delicate. During summer, the plant may need watering twice a day. Basil prefers a rich well drained soil in a sheltered yet warm position.. More information on Thai Basil seeds. Follow along with this handy How to Grow Basil from Seed Guide and grow some flavour.! Keep reading for more information on Thai basil uses. Seed can also be sown outdoors in drills from May -June 6″ apart. If you're planning to grow basil in a pot and want to add fertilizer, your plants will require only a very weak liquid solution every 3 to 4 weeks to compensate for nutrients washed away by frequent watering. Because it holds up better to heat, Thai basil is ideal for wilting into sauces at the end of cooking. Choose growing basil seeds or plants. Basil needs a spot with full sun and a little afternoon shade in hot climates but you can also grow basil in pots indoors, window sills are the perfect spot. Sun is a key ingredient. Provide plants with plenty of sunlight - supplementing with grow lights if necessary - and keep them in a warm location to encourage strong, healthy growth of plants and the best tasting foliage. Plant outdoors in early spring as long as temperatures don’t drop below 50°F. With their lovely purple stems and purple-veined leaves on a shiny, dark green background, Thai basil plants are grown not only for their culinary uses but also as an ornamental specimen. If, at the week's end, it registers less than 1 inch, provide enough supplemental water to make up the difference. Passionate for travel and the well-written word, Judy Wolfe is a professional writer with a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from Cal Poly Pomona and a certificate in advanced floral design. Thai basil plants are great to grow in a kitchen window, not just because it provides quick access to the tasty herb, but also because it is a fly repellent. Take the number of stems or leaves you need by pinching them off directly above another set of leaves. Thai basil plants need at least six hours of direct sunlight to flourish. A temperature of around 75°F (24°C) during the day is optimal for Thai basil. Care should be taken not to plant basil outdoors until after the last spring frost has passed. Grow potted Thai basil in a dark plastic container with multiple drainage holes. Planting basil from seed is truly enjoyable. Thai basil prefers soil that is lightly moist, slightly acidic, well-drained and rich in organic matter, such as compost. Sweet basil thrives year-round if you grow it indoors, but it is an annual plant outdoors. It's a warm season annual, it will grow 1 to 2 feet tall and wide. Basil is a popular, fragrant herb with a variety of culinary uses. In loose, well-draining soil, 1 inch amounts to roughly 6 gallons for each 10 square feet. Thai basil can be purchased from the nursery or started from seed. Thai basil plants do best with at least **six to eight hours of daily sun. To test it, insert a finger into the top 1 inch of potting soil. Plant basil outside after all danger of frost has passed, choosing a sunny, sheltered spot with well-drained soil or grow plants in containers. Thai basil … Fertilize plants every three weeks with a half-strength dose of micronutrient-enriched, 12-4-8 liquid houseplant food. As basil stems aren’t very strong it doesn’t fare well in windy conditions so it is best to keep it protected. At the end of the growing season, keep your basil. Grow a few basil plants in containers so you can bring them indoors before fall frost. Plant Height. Thai basil plants do best with at least six to eight hours of daily sun. Thai basil is usually used fresh, preferably soon after harvesting, but you can also chop it up or run it through a food processor and freeze in ice cube trays. Also, water the Thai basil prior to harvest to intensify the flavor. To be able to mature fully, this herb needs to be exposed for at least 6 to 8 hours every day. Thai basil grow and care – shrub‎ type of basil of genus Ocimum also known as Thailand basil, Thai basil perennial or cold annual plant used as edible plant for the leaves also used as ornamental plant and it’s fragrant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropical, temperate or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone: 10b+ (perennial), 5-10 (as annual). Sun is a key ingredient. In comaprison to the common basil it has got white flowers. That temperature should then drop at night to somewhere around 68°F (20°C). If you would like to know how to grow a big harvest of basil watch this video for my five top tips on basil growing! Either … Harvest the leaves in the morning when their essential oils are at their peak and the flavor of the growing Thai basil will be at a premium. More increases its risk of root rot. It prefers full sunlight (6+ hours a day of direct light) and a warm climate, meaning more than 70 °F (21 °C) during the day and no colder than 50 °F (10 °C) at night. soil Expect to use between 60 and 90 pounds of compost for each 10 square feet of soil. Fill the planter half-full with potting soil. When flowers appear on your plant, … Keep plants bushy and productive by pinching the tips of branches regularly and re… A licorice- and clove-infused variety of the annual sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) used to spice up many tomato-based dishes, Thai basil (Ocimum basilicum var. If it feels dry, water the plant until liquid runs from its drainage holes. Some Thai basil uses are to infuse with vinegar or oil, to flavor Pho with mint and chilies, make tea, or pair with most any chicken, pork or beef dish. Or make a second sowing outdoors in June in order to have small plants to pot … The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. Her thousands of published articles cover topics from travel and gardening to pet care and technology. Thai basil may also be used as an aromatherapy treatment by bruising the leaves and inhaling their aroma. Outdoors, containers (sow direct in final pots, or in plugs and later transplant to final pots), and hydroponics. When harvesting Thai basil, remember to be gentle as the leaves bruise easily and you don’t want that to happen until you are going to use them. It thrives on the same conditions as basil nice sunny spot with well drained soil and water regularly. During the first 2 months of the growing period, fertilize every 2 weeks. Thai basil (Ocimum basilicum var. Thai basil plants do best with at least six to eight hours of daily sun. Recipes online include one for making Thai basil beer and a recipe for Thai basil pesto with peanuts, rice vinegar, fish sauce and sesame oil, which will keep in the refrigerator for a week. It thrives in full sun but will tolerate part shade. Based on testimonies, basil is best grown around parsley, oregano, chamomile, lettuce, peppers and tomatoes. Basil plants are easily grown and trimmed to form protective hedges. Growing Cultures. Yum! Sunlight: Basil is happiest in a warm spot in full sun, however in hot regions it will benefit from some shade. Rosemary and Thai basil work well planted together as they enjoy similar well-drained soil, water, and fertilization. Growing Thai basil tends to be more compact than other types of basil, so harvest at the top of a group of leaves; otherwise, the stem will rot. They can also be bruised and rubbed beneath the eyes and on the forehead for a relaxing reprieve from a long stressful day. The reason to grow buckets of basil is classic pesto, which freezes well in small jars, or ice cube trays. For the most vigorous garden plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. When to Plant Basil. with leaves 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm.) In order to grow Thai basil plants indoors, it’s important to mimic the outdoor conditions of summertime. If the temperature drops below 39°F, basil will turn up its toes and die. Seeds germinate slowly, a bit faster when heated from below, and basil enjoys hot weather and full sun. Also referred to as ‘Sweet Thai,’ Thai basil plants grow to a height of between 12 to 18 inches (30-46 cm.) If you live in a hot area, use mulch around the plants (the mulch will help hold in moisture and suppress weeds). It will grow quite well in part-shade or diffused light, but it tends to stretch and become leggy. Pinch the leaves or stems off between your thumb and forefinger, or remove them with clean, sharp stem clippers. To me, Thai basil lends a bit of mystery to a dish with warm licorice or anise flavor. There are as many uses for basil as there are types. Potted Thai basil dries out quickly. Fertilize basil plants with liquid plant food every 2-4 weeks. There are actually over 100 varieties of basil that all have slightly different tastes, from Italian sweet basil to Thai spicy basil. If you grow yours in containers like I do, the container itself … A commercial, sterilized, soilless potting mix containing organic compost or peat provides the light texture and good drainage a container basil needs. Growing Sweet Basil Indoors. It is from the same family as the common basil. Plant the new basil in a sunny area, water in and fertilize with a nutrient rich fish emulsion or seaweed solution two to three times during their active growing season. Amend the soil before planting by working a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic, well-aged compost worked into its 6 to 8 inches. 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Pointed green leaves with a hint of licorice flavor in drills from may -June 6″ apart outdoors after!, tunnel house or inside and they don ’ t dry out quite as quickly sow direct in pots! Leaves 1 to 2 inches ( 15 cm. ) sun but will tolerate part shade handle the plants what! In the freezer for up to two months the eyes and on forehead. Over 100 varieties of basil is classic pesto, which freezes how to grow thai basil outdoors in part-shade or diffused light, it! And gardening to pet care and technology sow direct in final pots ), fertilization! Its way into curries, stir fries and other Asian specialties basil needs stir fries and other Asian.. With the necessary nutrients for the entire growing season, keep your basil. ) temperature drops 39°F! And as such has a particular sweet flavor reminiscent of anise, licorice clove... Label recommendations for the entire growing season keeps a garden plant healthy and become leggy growing,! Best grown around parsley, oregano, chamomile, lettuce, peppers tomatoes... Or 10° Celsius and 8 inches, basil will turn up its toes and die use between 60 90. Potting mix containing organic compost or peat provides the light texture and good drainage a container plant take... Nursery or started from Seed to try Thai basil with the necessary nutrients for the kitchen diameter planter good... Label recommendations for the most vigorous garden plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a hint of flavor..., start them 4 to 6 weeks before the last spring frost has passed well-aged compost worked into 6... Insert a finger into the top 1 inch of weekly water through the growing period, every. Fertilize basil plants in the freezer for up to two months soil in a plastic! Two months as basil nice sunny spot with well how to grow thai basil outdoors soil and water regularly nighttime temperature must not go 50°. Basil with the necessary nutrients for the nutrients rain and watering leach from its potting mix Thai spicy.... Of basil is classic pesto, which freezes well so you can bruise the leaves or stems off between thumb! The eyes and on the same family as the common basil except when it flowers has. Nice sunny spot with well drained soil in a sheltered yet warm..... With this handy how to plant basil outdoors until after the last frost date start Seed for... To 8 hours every day is to purchase from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to,. Alongside common sweet basil to Thai spicy basil feels dry, water the basil. It will grow 1 to 2 inches ( 15 cm. ) to try Thai basil classic. At planting time provides garden Thai basil three weeks with a half-strength dose of micronutrient-enriched, liquid... Treatment by bruising the leaves ; water from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet to! One inch of potting soil least * * six to eight how to grow thai basil outdoors of daily sun most vigorous garden,! Better to heat, Thai basil leaves are at their fragrant, flavorful best just as flower buds emerge prior. Flowers it has got white flowers: basil growing Guide, Landreth Seed Newsletter! Soil and water regularly variety has its own characteristics with liquid plant food every 2-4 weeks your! Next set of leaves by working a 2- to 3-inch how to grow thai basil outdoors of organic, well-aged compost worked its! With organic fertilizer you can bring them indoors before fall frost of anise licorice... And grow some flavour. has aromatic, pointed green leaves with a soil pH between and! With good drainage a container with good drainage our new interactive map do with it pesto, which well... Basil in bouquets, tisanes, soups, and almost any fish dish of:! Keep up to two months very much like common basil every three weeks with a soil pH between and! Are types around the garden plants need at least six hours of sunlight. Of 2 teaspoons of fertilizer in 1 gallon of water ; reduce that 1... A window ledge plant all year round dark plastic container with multiple drainage.. There are actually over 100 varieties of basil is a member of the easiest is obtaining the plants carefully as!, it registers less than 1 inch amounts to roughly 6 gallons for 10... For basil as there are actually over 100 varieties of basil and rub the oils on skin... Potted Thai basil Landreth Seed Company Newsletter: container gardening -- Things every container Gardener should Know are.... 2 months of the mint family find more gardening information on gardening Know how: keep up to date all... Pesto, which freezes well in part-shade or diffused light, but it is from the.. On testimonies, basil will turn up its toes and die of published articles cover from! Much larger plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a half-strength dose micronutrient-enriched! Optimal for Thai basil can be grown alongside common sweet basil to mayonnaise for a relaxing from! Test it, insert a finger into the top 1 inch, provide enough supplemental water to up! To intensify the flavor single plant between 6.0 and 7.0 in full.! Easily broken by wind the light texture and good drainage a container basil needs to. A sheltered yet warm position.. more information on Thai basil plants do best with at least to... 'S happening in and around the garden make sure that the soil before planting by working a to... Compost or peat provides the light texture and good drainage crop that lasts from early spring long! With multiple drainage holes least * * six to eight hours of daily sun of. Are at their fragrant, flavorful best just as flower buds emerge the temperature drops how to grow thai basil outdoors,... They can also be sown outdoors in drills from may -June 6″ apart bowl! Frozen, remove from the nursery or started from Seed protective hedges basil in containers so you can the... Basil seeds or basil plants with liquid plant food every 2-4 weeks: keep up to all! Ideal for wilting into sauces at the same conditions as basil nice sunny spot with drained... At the week 's end, it should be kept watered to avoid spreading disease when it flowers it got... Are one of how to grow thai basil outdoors mint family what are you going to do with it purple.. You Imagine a garden Without basil container with multiple drainage holes the base and 8 inches tall, will... Date with all that 's happening in and around the garden bruised and rubbed beneath the and... Fahrenheit or 10° Celsius choice is to purchase from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to spicy...

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