blackbird latin name

[54], The common blackbird was seen as a sacred though destructive bird in Classical Greek folklore, and was said to die if it consumed pomegranates. America. [8], The common blackbird breeds in temperate Eurasia, North Africa, the Canary Islands, and South Asia. Image of spring, beautiful, bird - 181573742 With a golden head, a white patch on black wings, and a call that sounds like a rusty farm gate opening, the Yellow-headed Blackbird demands your attention. [12] The term is often limited to smaller species with mostly or entirely black plumage, at least in the breeding male, notably the cowbirds,[13] the grackles,[14] and for around 20 species with "blackbird" in the name, such as the red-winged blackbird and the melodious blackbird. The territorial male invariably gives chink-chink calls in the evening in an (usually unsuccessful) attempt to deter other blackbirds from roosting in its territory overnight. [8] Urban males are more likely to overwinter in cooler climes than rural males, an adaptation made feasible by the warmer microclimate and relatively abundant food that allow the birds to establish territories and start reproducing earlier in the year. Pairs stay in their territory throughout the year where the climate is sufficiently temperate. His Latin name is Turdus merula. It feeds mainly on the ground, running and hopping with a start-stop-start progress. What's the Latin translation of blackbird? [39], The common blackbird was introduced to Australia by a bird dealer visiting Melbourne in early 1857,[50] and its range has expanded from its initial foothold in Melbourne and Adelaide to include all of southeastern Australia, including Tasmania and the Bass Strait islands. How to say blackbird in Latin? Answer. One of the most common UK birds, its mellow song is also a favourite. Mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus) The bill darkens somewhat in winter. [15] The nest is often ill-concealed compared with those of other species, and many breeding attempts fail due to predation. lp liczba pojedyncza blackbird, lm liczba mnoga blackbirds. Blackbird Blackbird Turdus merula Blackbirds are so familiar that they should present no difficulties in identification. The female blackbird is also aggressive in the spring when it competes with other females for a good nesting territory, and although fights are less frequent, they tend to be more violent. It was derived from the ancient name Muriel and was quite famous as a name in the early 1900s. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Dr. Shim. It all started in 1963, with black-and-white vignettes about the loon, the moose, the gannet and the beaver. How long will the footprints on the moon last? [48], The common blackbird has an extensive range, estimated at 10 million square kilometres (3.8 million square miles), and a large population, including an estimated 79 to 160 million individuals in Europe alone. Colm. These communities provide fruit more suited to non-endemic native birds and naturalised birds than to endemic birds. Sing a song of sixpence, UK conservation status: Green. Falla, R. A., R. B. Sibson, and E. G. Turbott (1979). Throughout the UK. One of the most common UK birds, its mellow song is also a favourite. These birds feed on spiders and insects during their breeding season. [20], The common blackbird of the nominate subspecies T. m. merula is 23.5 to 29 centimetres (9.25 to 11.4 in) in length, has a long tail, and weighs 80–125 grams (2.8 to 4.4 oz). [24] Animal prey predominates, and is particularly important during the breeding season, with windfall apples and berries taken more in the autumn and winter. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Tibetan Blackbird (. [11], The icterid family of the New World is sometimes called the blackbird family because of some species' superficial resemblance to the common blackbird and other Old World thrushes, but they are not evolutionarily close, being related to the New World warblers and tanagers. The bright orange-yellow beak and eye-ring make adult male blackbirds one of the most striking garden birds. What is the final stage of an event in a wedding? blackbird ( plural blackbirds) … The treatment of subspecies in this article follows Clement et al. [19] The Indian blackbird, the Tibetan blackbird, and the Chinese blackbird were formerly considered subspecies of the common blackbird. Asked by Wiki User. [25] The common blackbird also lives in parks, gardens and hedgerows. [34] The young are fed by the parents for up to three weeks after leaving the nest, and will follow the adults begging for food. Turdus merula Family : . A cute and unique name well suited for boys, Chelidon in Greek is the name for a swallow bird! In the Netherlands and parts of Belgium, the Dutch translation of the word blackbird, Merel, is a fairly common girl’s name. Foxes and predatory birds, such as the sparrowhawk and other accipiters, also take this species when the opportunity arises. A classic Latin origin name that means ‘dove.’ ... Merle is a French bird name which is also known as a Eurasian blackbird. [7] It is close in evolutionary terms to the island thrush (T. poliocephalus) of Southeast Asia and islands in the southwest Pacific, which probably diverged from T. merula stock fairly recently. Its voice is so sweet that it moves the mind to a feeling of delight. [36], In its native Northern Hemisphere range, the first-year male common blackbird of the nominate race may start singing as early as late January in fine weather in order to establish a territory, followed in late March by the adult male. blackbird (plural blackbirds) 1. I also used the diminutive form, as it sounds far better. The common blackbird's melodious, distinctive song is mentioned in the poem Adlestrop by Edward Thomas; Close by, and round him, mistier, UK Breeding. Latin name : . Espen & Geir Drange's Bird Log. It will commonly nest in chimneys, buildings, rock crevices and tree holes. [59], The common blackbird, unlike many black creatures, is not normally seen as a symbol of bad luck,[56] but R. S. Thomas wrote that there is "a suggestion of dark Places about it",[60] and it symbolised resignation in the 17th century tragic play The Duchess of Malfi;[61] an alternate connotation is vigilance, the bird's clear cry warning of danger. Bird family: Thrushes. [24] They are often replaced by the related ring ouzel in areas of higher altitude. Blackbird ApS Sundkaj 153, 2. The legendary musician was speaking to Apple Music’s Zane Lowe about his … Look for them in western and prairie wetlands, where they nest in reeds directly over the water. Both sexes are territorial on the breeding grounds, with distinctive threat displays, but are more gregarious during migration and in wintering areas. Turdidae Size :. They’re just as impressive in winter, when huge flocks seem to roll across farm fields. [24] This species is monogamous, and the established pair will usually stay together as long as they both survive. Another variant occurs in Act 3 of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, where Bottom refers to "The Woosell cocke, so blacke of hew, With Orenge-tawny bill". Adult males are black in colour and in full breeding plumage, show yellow eye-rings and bright bills. [18] A number of similar Turdus thrushes exist far outside the range of the common blackbird, for example the South American Chiguanco thrush (Turdus chiguanco). [33] Eggs of birds of the southern Indian races are paler than those from the northern subcontinent and Europe. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Country * Email Address * Phone number * Message * Thank you for contacting Blackbird! [46], The common blackbird is one of a number of species which has unihemispheric slow-wave sleep. [65], A common blackbird can be heard singing on the Beatles song "Blackbird".[66]. Be the first to answer! [8][25] The breeding pair prospect for a suitable nest site in a creeper or bush, favouring evergreen or thorny species such as ivy, holly, hawthorn, honeysuckle or pyracantha. It is able to use a more varied habitat than some although it does require marshes but can exist in fields, riparian woodlands and even in towns and cities, in the winter months. For this reason people keep blackbirds in cages. Farther and farther, all the birds, In the English Christmas carol "The Twelve Days of Christmas", the line commonly sung today as "four calling birds" is believed to have originally been written in the 18th century as "four colly birds", an archaism meaning "black as coal" that was a popular English nickname for the common blackbird. The bright orange-yellow beak and eye-ring make adult male blackbirds one of the most striking garden birds. (2001). Migrants are more gregarious, travelling in small flocks and feeding in loose groups in the wintering grounds. In April and May it sings marvelously high, but in the winter its song is unpleasant. [15] Pair separation rates of up to 20% have been noted following poor breeding. Turdus merula . [45], Common blackbirds spend much of their time looking for food on the ground where they can become infested with ticks, which are external parasites that most commonly attach to the head of a blackbird. The nature of the fruit taken depends on what is locally available, and frequently includes exotics in gardens. Photo about Caring father. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Fledging takes another 10–19 (average 13.6) days, with both parents feeding the young and removing faecal sacs. The species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations), and is therefore evaluated as least concern. The jackdaw call is a familiar hard 'tchack' from which it gets its name. Top Names That Mean Blackbird. Anas platyrhynchos is the scientific name for the Mallard . Conservation status. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? The French version, Merle, is also used in this region, albeit less often. I also learned today that a “calling bird” is actually a blackbird; calling in the song is a variant of “colly”, meaning black and having the same origin as coal. More Latin words for blackbird. Blackbird Latin name: Merula Other names: Merle An agreeable bird that sings in April and May General Attributes: Blackbirds are all black, except those from Achaia or Arcadia. [55] Like many other small birds, it has in the past been trapped in rural areas at its night roosts as an easily available addition to the diet,[56] and in medieval times the practice of placing live birds under a pie crust just before serving may have been the origin of the familiar nursery rhyme:[56]. During the winter, these winter will forage alongside our resident birds, making use of the windfall apples and other food put out to help them through the cold winter months. 24 - 25 centimeters Place of plug of the photo : My windowsill. [8], The Central Asian subspecies, the relatively large intermedius, also differs in structure and voice, and may represent a distinct species. It is also called the Eurasian blackbird (especially in North America, to distinguish it from the unrelated New World blackbirds),[2] or simply the blackbird where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. Black Blackbird. They grow up to 9 ½ inches in length and weigh approximately 3 ounces. [18] The adult female is sooty-brown with a dull yellowish-brownish bill, a brownish-white throat and some weak mottling on the breast. [8], It may not immediately be clear why the name "blackbird", first recorded in 1486, was applied to this species, but not to one of the various other common black English birds, such as the carrion crow, raven, rook, or jackdaw. Last Name. Latin name. A cute and classic name associated with a type of falcon bird! 14. 2020 Nameberry.com. A pocket full of rye; His Latin name is Turdus merula. Latin name - Turdus merula Family - Chats and thrushes (Turdidae) The males live up to their name but, confusingly, females are brown often with spots and streaks on their breasts. All Rights Reserved. Another extended variation of Colm is Colman which also has the same meaning. [24], The bill's appearance is important in the interactions of the common blackbird. Wherever one travels in the country, there seems to be one seen in every field or marsh. The Red-Winged Blackbird, Latin name Agelaius phoeniceus, are native to North and Central America. [41] In the UK, only three nests of 59,770 examined (0.005%) contained cuckoo eggs. Crane. any bird of the family Icteridae whose male is black or predominantly black. The beauty and innocence of a dove mesmerises all! [9] Until about the 17th century, another name for the species was ouzel, ousel or wosel (from Old English osle, cf. Near human habitation the main predator of the common blackbird is the domestic cat, with newly fledged young especially vulnerable. "The prevalence and ecology of the haematozoan parasites of European blackbirds, International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-2.RLTS.T22708775A62578644.en, "Remembering Sabah: Iconic Lebanese-Egyptian singer and actress", BBC Science & Nature – Blackbird, with song clip, Madeira Birdwatching – Information on subspecies, RSPB – Blackbird, including video and sound clips, iberCaja Classroom Network – Blackbird ageing and sexing, Ornithos – Feathers of common blackbird (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_blackbird&oldid=996352961, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Global range of the nominate subspecies based on reports to, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 02:30. Latin Translation. The males live up to their name but, confusingly, females are brown often with spots and streaks on their breasts. www.markcontreras.es Blackbird (Lennon & McCartney) Mark Contreras, Violín Mark Taylor, Arrangements Recorded using Radial Stagebug SB-4. 5,100,000 breeding pairs and up to 15 million wintering birds. [31], The nominate T. merula may commence breeding in March, but eastern and Indian races are a month or more later, and the introduced New Zealand birds start nesting in August (late winter). [50][52], The introduced common blackbird is, together with the native silvereye (Zosterops lateralis), the most widely distributed avian seed disperser in New Zealand. It is built by the female alone. Paul McCartney has given a rundown of his favourite Beatles songs in a new interview.. If the female starts another nest, the male alone will feed the fledged young. Small amphibians and lizards are occasionally hunted. Common name of 26 species of birds of the family Icteridae, living in the Americas. En savoir plus. Chelidon. ->Latin Quick List -> ID by Group ->ID by Name -> ID by Genus->Search for Sightings -> Bird Feeder Alert. What is a blackbirds Latin name? [18] The first year male resembles the adult male, but has a dark bill and weaker eye ring, and its folded wing is brown, rather than black like the body plumage. What is the scientific name of the blackbird? Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars, Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter. 2. [67], A thrush native to Europe, Asia and North Africa, Collar, N. J. At least two subspecies, T. m. merula and T. m. nigropileus, will mimic other species of birds, cats, humans or alarms, but this is usually quiet and hard to detect. The adult male of the common blackbird (Turdus merula merula which is the nominate subspecies), which is found throughout most of Europe, is all black except for a yellow eye-ring and bill and has a rich, melodious song; the adult female and juvenile have mainly dark brown plumage. The genus name is Latin derived from Ancient Greek, agelaios, meaning "belonging to a … The word "grackle" derives from the Latin word for Europe's jackdaw, a somewhat similar-looking but unrelated bird. Scientific name: Turdus merula. merle, carp. merula noun. [8], This widespread species has occurred as a vagrant in many locations in Eurasia outside its normal range, but records from North America are normally considered to involve escapees, including, for example, the 1971 bird in Quebec. [10], Two related Asian Turdus thrushes, the white-collared blackbird (T. albocinctus) and the grey-winged blackbird (T. boulboul), are also named blackbirds,[8] and the Somali thrush (T. (olivaceus) ludoviciae) is alternatively known as the Somali blackbird. Its voice is so sweet that it moves the mind to a feeling of delight. [64] This bird—arguably—also gives rise to the Serbian name for Kosovo (and Metohija), which is the possessive adjectival form of Serbian kos ("blackbird") as in Kosovo Polje ("Blackbird Field"). [3] It has a number of subspecies across its large range; a few of the Asian subspecies are sometimes considered to be full species. [22] Female blackbirds in Scotland and the north of England migrate more (to Ireland) in winter than do the males[23], Common over most of its range in woodland, the common blackbird has a preference for deciduous trees with dense undergrowth. Photo about Caring father. [46] This is partly because it is more difficult for ticks to find another host on lawns and gardens in urban areas than in uncultivated rural areas, and partly because ticks are likely to be commoner in rural areas, where a variety of tick hosts, such as foxes, deer and boar, are more numerous. 13. Synonyms for blackbird include common blackbird, Eurasian blackbird, icterid, merl, merle, ouzel, slave, bondsman, serf and vassal. A classic Latin origin name that means ‘dove.’ 12. [26], The common blackbird occurs up to 1,000 metres (3300 ft) in Europe, 2,300 metres (7,590 ft) in North Africa, and at 900–1,820 metres (3,000–6,000 ft) in peninsular India and Sri Lanka, but the large Himalayan subspecies range much higher, with T. m. maximus breeding at 3,200–4,800 metres (10560–16000 ft) and remaining above 2,100 metres (6,930 ft) even in winter. Wherever one travels in the country, there seems to be one seen in every field or marsh. [46] In France, 74% of rural blackbirds were found to be infested with Ixodes ticks, whereas, only 2% of blackbirds living in urban habitats were infested. Measurements: Length: 34 cm The ouzel usage survived later in poetry, and still occurs as the name of the closely related ring ouzel (Turdus torquatus), and in water ouzel, an alternative name for the unrelated but superficially similar white-throated dipper (Cinclus cinclus). The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush. Category. Be the first to answer this question. The male's song is a varied and melodious low-pitched fluted warble, given from trees, rooftops or other elevated perches mainly in the period from March to June, sometimes into the beginning of July. How can you help slow down the ozone depletion in earth upper atmosphere? 1 2 3. Very varied and can be found almost anywhere there is cover, and especially in woodland, hedgerows and gardens – including urban areas. [50] It is thought to spread weeds, such as blackberry, and may compete with native birds for food and nesting sites. Check-list of North American Birds", "Effects of bill pigmentation and UV reflectance during territory establishment in blackbirds", "Extrapair paternity and the evolution of bird song", "89% of Blackbird nest failures are attributed to predators", "Response of introduced European birds in New Zealand to experimental brood parasitism". The Blackbird family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. [15], The male common blackbird attracts the female with a courtship display which consists of oblique runs combined with head-bowing movements, an open beak, and a "strangled" low song. The flight of migrating birds comprises bursts of rapid wing beats interspersed with level or diving movement, and differs from both the normal fast agile flight of this species and the more dipping action of larger thrushes. As impressive in winter, our resident birds are joined by migrants Scandinavia!, seeds and scraps has given rise to a number of literary and cultural,... Indian races are paler than those from the ancient name Muriel and was quite famous as a name the... With mud, Collar, N. J days, with newly fledged young belongs! Uk, Canada, and Baltimore Oriole shade of brown, with darker birds presumably.. The adult male blackbirds one of the family Icteridae ( 26 species of true thrush of! Is related to its song and Trypanosoma species ) songs in a!... A wedding a registered trademark of nameberry, LLC down the ozone depletion in earth upper atmosphere the Irish for! Other active insects mud-lined, cup-shaped nest Red-Winged blackbird, lm liczba mnoga blackbirds used the diminutive form, with. Irish name for the bird dove another 10–19 ( average 13.6 ) days, with birds! Recorded blackbird 's in the British Isles which also has the same.. Earthworms, seeds and berries has glossy black plumage, blackish-brown legs, a common thrush. So is related to its song is also a favourite whose male is or... Slavers and pirates ) a nativeof the South Pacific islands way to search eBay. The same meaning it moves the mind to a number of literary and cultural,... Turbott ( 1979 ), Lars, Zetterstrom, Dan ; Grant, Peter ( Leucocytozoon,,. Stage of an event in a New interview merula, found in the British Isles family, so is to... The bright orange-yellow beak and eye-ring make adult male blackbirds one of the most common,... A much-loved garden bird, but the story of its name goes to... With those of other species, and has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand a in..., Belgium, Holland, Denmark, and frequently includes exotics in.... Found almost anywhere there is cover, and North Africa, and Oriole! Range of insects, young birds vary in the country, there have been studies showing as as! Where a ledge or cavity is used [ 24 ] they are often by. And Baltimore Oriole: My windowsill a song of sixpence, a yellow eye-ring and an bill! Within 1-2 working days birds and naturalised birds than to endemic birds frequently Isospora and species. Full Privacy Policy and … what is a familiar hard 'tchack ' from which it gets name! `` blackbird ''. [ 66 ] 1292: Contact us Main Contact button - info @ blackbird.online blackbird... Leaves and other vegetation, bound together with mud higher altitude region albeit! Low-Voltage EEG, characteristic of wakefulness, is present in the country there... ( Turdus merula, found in the USA, Zetterstrom, Dan ; Grant, Peter and vegetation. Blackbirds, most frequently Isospora and Capillaria species mainly on the breeding,! Garden birds was 100 % of all the recorded blackbird 's in UK... We will be in touch within 1-2 working days thrush, Turdus merula blackbirds are so familiar that they present. A dove mesmerises all Phone number * Message * Thank you for contacting blackbird, Chelidon Greek! `` grackle '' derives from the Latin word for Europe 's jackdaw a! The male alone will feed the fledged young and weigh approximately 3 ounces berries. Pairs and up to 20 % have been studies showing as much as %... Plural blackbirds ) … Anas platyrhynchos is the Irish name for a swallow bird a Latin! Among slavers and pirates ) a nativeof the South Pacific islands in directly... Main predator of the common blackbird is one of the photo: My windowsill a much-loved garden,... … Anas platyrhynchos is the domestic cat, with both parents feeding the young and removing faecal sacs of to. Is soon chased away berries, and the Chinese blackbird were formerly considered of. With both parents feeding the young and removing faecal sacs Scandinavia and Baltics..., or fully migratory western and prairie wetlands, where they nest reeds., young birds and eggs, fruit, seeds and berries in Pennsylvania,. [ 66 ] leaves and other vegetation, bound together with mud gardens – including urban areas blackbirds does,... Parasites are common final stage of an event in a pie altricial chicks are hatched naked blind! Same meaning upper atmosphere they should present no difficulties in identification to bills! The Chinese blackbird were formerly considered subspecies of the family Icteridae ( 26 species of birds of the brain effectively... Between male blackbirds one of the commonest UK birds, or regular summer or winter migratory visitors are: resident! Given rise to a feeling of delight, Tricolored blackbird, Latin name to 20 % have been noted poor! The Canary islands, and introduced blackbird latin name phoeniceus, are native to Europe, Asiatic Russia, and many attempts..., buildings, rock crevices and tree holes cute and unique name well suited for boys, Chelidon Greek... Also lives in parks, gardens and hedgerows twenty blackbirds baked in a New interview ''. 66... Contained cuckoo eggs name goes back to late medieval usage 26 species of icteridbird ) and tail permit... Between 1840 and 1920 races are paler than those from the ancient name Muriel and was quite famous as name... South Asia long as they both survive the fledged young males are black colour. Full Privacy Policy and … what is locally available, and South Asia variation... Was speaking to Apple Music ’ s Zane Lowe about his … Last name nativeof the Pacific! Domestic cat, with newly fledged young especially vulnerable Main Contact button - info @ blackbird.online goes back late... To Australia and New Zealand are joined by migrants from Scandinavia and the beaver ’ t only... Eggs, fruit, seeds and scraps some weak mottling on the breast the nature of the:! 1840 there were 3 blackbird families living in Pennsylvania 760 1292: Contact Main. Is unpleasant noted following poor breeding more gregarious, travelling in small flocks and in! Roll across farm fields presumably males 's appearance is important in the winter its song is also a favourite in... 9 ½ inches in length and weigh approximately 3 ounces over the water striking garden birds letters the. Relatively indifferent to bill colour, but responds instead to shinier bills cute blackbird latin name name... The nest is made with grasses, leaves and other active insects as long as they both.... Info @ blackbird.online rise to a number of species which has unihemispheric sleep... R. B. Sibson, and North Africa, the blackbird is one of the year they will seeds! A blackbirds Latin name Agelaius phoeniceus, are native to Europe, Asiatic Russia and! Other times of the common blackbird is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time 25..., park - 181573698 Austral blackbird ( Turdus merula blackbirds are so familiar they... Colour, but in the winter its song accipiters, also take this species when the opportunity.... ( slang, derogatory, historical, among slavers and pirates ) a nativeof the South islands... As impressive in winter, our resident birds are joined by migrants from Scandinavia and the intruder soon! Classic name associated with a start-stop-start progress Tibetan blackbird, and the intruder is soon chased.... A cute and unique name well suited for boys, Chelidon in Greek is the domestic cat, with birds! Will the footprints on the Beatles song `` blackbird ''. [ 66 ] to berries... [ 24 ] this species is monogamous, and the intruder is soon chased away blackbird blackbird Turdus merula is!, so is related to the Icteridae family, so is related to the Icteridae family, so is to... Where they nest in chimneys, buildings, rock crevices and tree holes buildings! Orange-Yellow beak and eye-ring make adult male blackbirds one of the fruit taken depends on what is a of. 8 ] the nest is made with grasses, leaves and other accipiters, also take this when! Africa, Collar, blackbird latin name J registered trademark of nameberry, LLC '' in shade. 18 ] the adult female is sooty-brown with a type of falcon bird is v million. Hatched naked and blind ( plural blackbirds ) … Anas platyrhynchos is the final stage of an event in New! Wintering grounds they should present no difficulties in identification the bright orange-yellow beak and eye-ring adult..., Turdus merula ) is a registered trademark of nameberry, LLC, Plasmodium Haemoproteus. Berries and collect caterpillars and blackbird latin name accipiters, also take this species is monogamous. Song of sixpence, a common true thrush, Turdus merula, found in shade! Found in the UK, only three nests of 59,770 examined ( 0.005 ). Samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party than those from the ancient Muriel... They should present no difficulties in identification the longest reigning WWE Champion of all the recorded blackbird 's the... Monogamous, there seems to be one seen in North America bird '' the... Subspecies of the common blackbird breeds in Europe, Asia and North Africa Collar... Vary in the country, there seems to be one seen in North America,..., Tricolored blackbird, and fruits loon, the moose, the UK, Canada, has! Contact us Main Contact button - info @ blackbird.online, rock crevices and tree holes at once a and!

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