how to make cinnamon water

Or does it have to be a cinnamon stick? cant wait to try it. This is not a “Detox Plan” this is a drink that will naturally boost your metabolism and flush your system. Uncategorized 15 Comments (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2020 Lose Weight by Eating. I regret buying the big bag of granny smith :/. Is a gallon size work? Well I just made some & adding 1 cup of apple cider. Here is a Step by Step Video on how to make The Original Day Spa Apple Cinnamon Water Recipe. You may be having an allergic reaction to cinnamon and should stop drinking it immediately! But I didn’t taste any cinnamon. If you want to try another metabolism boosting drink grapefruit is a great metabolism booster, cut up and drop in water squeezing a couple for some added flavor. I have some Cinnamon Stick Tea Bags laying around.. Do you think that these would be good and have some of the same effects? Add the butter to the instant pot (or skillet) and sauté the apples, cinnamon… FYI. Add cinnamon powder to your cream, before adding it to the coffee. Would u recommend a 2 liter pitcher or a gallon… R something else lol. If you like oatmeal you should try my Apple Pie Oatmeal, it has even more Metabolism Boosting ingredients: You might enjoy a stronger flavored water, this Mango Ginger water also boosts metabolism and has a VERY strong flavor:, Also check out my facebook page:, ok maybe I missed something but I made this and it absolutely did NOT have a cinnamon flavor at all and just a very faint hint of apple…I used fuji like you recommended and a whole (gourmet at that) cinnamon stick…put the ice in it…even after a couple hours in the fridge it still tastes like…water…LOL, One more “recipe”: 1/4 c RAW 1-minute oats, 1/4 t. cinnamon powder, 2 c. COLD water; stir, drink. What kind of apples did you use? I even blogged about it… Good luck! I’ve added watermelon. Also, I find myself having to go to the bathroom a lot more an having some stomach aches from it. I’m completely addicted to Diet Dr Pepper and Crystal Light but I just made this water and am looking forward to trying it. Learn about the many benefits of clean eating with my FREE How to Lose Weight by Eating diet plan. How long do you need to let it sit before you drink it? I just found this late last night. I crafted a teabag out of some sterile wound gauze dressing & thread and put the cinnamon in it. Here are the way to create an odor neutralizer from cinnamon material-based. I will have to check the herb infuser 🙂. I would love to try your mint water! Use the sticks. Any idea if this is safe for diabetics? Thanks for advising me on this one. Just consuming the amount of water required for good hydration for your weight will help you lose weight, too. Because I am the one who decided to introduce it to you children. I used granny smith thinking it would make it really sweet but they don’t add any sweetness what’s so ever! I love iced tea… Do you have any recipes that can help with energy ( other than the usual lemon wedges), like i always have? I will finish this pitcher then by cinnamon stick. My Dr kept telling me and I didnt believe him until I started incorporating it in my diet. You might just kill it next week and blow everyone away 🙂. YOU HAVE TO EAT! One cinnamon stick has approximatly 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon. Does it have to be kept in the fridge all the time? I wonder if I can pull this off in a water bottle for my bike. It’s very difficult to comment here (a glitch we are trying to correct) but when I saw your message I was so concerned I had to find a way to comment right away. Happy Cooking, let me know about the apple and cinnamon stick. It’s an unusually refreshing beverage – and one that’s easy to make at home, too.Infused with delicate sweetness and spice, cinnamon water is both earthy and sophisticated. I am so happy I found your site and will be here very often. I am allergic to Raspberries so I can’t do any recipe testing for you. Just have to change habits, I guess! I love it and I love the way this water mixture works! Step 2. I made the apple-cinnamon and absolutely love it. I heat the water in the microwave for 1 minute & 14 seconds, to get it really hot. Even my young boys wanted to have some! LOVE IT! Do you have to put it in the fridge first for it to work? STEP TWO: Fill a cup with water (Shocking, I know). Thank you for sharing., This is lovely, I may have to try it. Awesome!!!! I am on facebook most days and am much faster to respond there. Then, leave it to cool for a few minutes before straining the liquid. Drink a gallon of water a day 2. Can I use cinnamon from a can? I made a 2-Liter pitcher of the Apple Cinnamon Water this morning. It just so happens that I have two large boxes of apples sitting in my kitchen right now. Or try my Strawberry Lime Spritzer and add Raspberries instead of Strawberries. You might also want to check out this post, might help you overcome the plateau:, Try making some new goals along with some of your old ones. I love that the flavor isn’t overbearing like the water “enhancers” at the store. Check out my facebook page, I pick a Weight Loss Superstar every week. I’m not a huge fan of plain water, so I usually end up drinking way less than I should. so i chopped up an apple, put a couple slices in my cup, and added a really tiny amount of powdered cinnamon ( i dont have any sticks). Thank you for sharing this recipe! My mother and grandmother (regular detoxers) said my body is just detoxing, but some of my other frineds say I shouldn’t be having this reaction because “it was just water” I’d love to hear your imput. Ice and filtered water. I am starting a testimonial page, keep me updated on your weight loss journey I would love to put you up on there and take a “before” pic, if nothing else just for YOU so in a month you can look at it and see the changes. It might be hard since im from a farm family and they dont know how to cook light. Thanks for the post, this is absolutely fantastic!! 2. But anyways I love this in the 3 days ive been drinking it Ive lost 2lbs and I do believe it was because of this… my metabolism has a very hard time burning off food because I have an underactive thyroid so its slow to begin with but this boost has got me out of a weight plateau!! Pingback: 5 receitas de água saborizada para desintoxicar e reduzir o inchaço | Um pouco de Tudo, Pingback: Detox Water: The Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss - Integrative Medicine, Pingback: Detox Water: Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss - Secrets To Nutrition, Pingback: Fruit-Infused Water Ideas to Help Detoxify and Slim Down, Pingback: Diet Plan To Lose Weight Fast : This ZERO CALORIE detox drink naturally BOOSTS METABOLISM and helps you LOSE WEI... - Healthy | Leading Health & well-being Inspiration source, Pingback: 5 Delicious Fruit Infused Water Recipes to Help You Slim Down, Pingback: 50 công thức làm nước uống detox giảm cân cá»±c kool lại dễ làm - NẮNG MAI HỒNG, Pingback: 5 receitas de água saborizada para desintoxicar e reduzir o inchaço – 1001 Ideias, Pingback: Receitas para emagrecer - como ganhar dinheiro na olx. I AM DEDICATING THIS TO MY MOTHER (since yesterday was mothers day and all). and it really was delicious. Try it out for yourself and if you fall in love with bubbly water like I am check out a Sodastream, it makes your own bubbly water at home. I found that when I was trying to give up soda myself it was the bubbles I wanted and the fizzy water helped a lot! What a bummer! Hey Everyone!! This will stop them in their tracks and they'll never return again! Looking forward to trying this, wanted to know though how much you drank a day and did you start with fresh apple and cinnamon every five days? 3. Yummy! Drink this water in empty stomach before breakfast or before bed. BE WARNED cinnamon water does not taste good. All you have to do is rinse them, then dry them! Also at Christmas i put lime, orange, and cranberries in water. Let me know what you come up with. Your honey and cinnamon … I just made a pitcher (cinnamon-apple), cant wait to try it…………….. You should NOT be having this reaction! I noticed that someone used ground cinnamon but wondered how it was used? That smiley face isnt supposed to be there. 🙂, How exciting! Apple Cinnamon Infused Water Recipe | Lose Weight by Eating I’m assuming it’s less calories in that out? Hello! Because I was so anxious to try this, I did it at 2:00 in the morning and put it in the fridge for today. 1 cinnamon stick; 1 cup of water; Steps to make cinnamon water. This was so good!!!! I used a 2 liter but you could easily do a gallon and double up the apple and cinnamon. I came across this idea on Pinterest, and now I’m so happy that I found your blog! Check out my Create You Own Diet post and please eat something 😉. Check out some of my recipes, for instance my Apple Pie Oatmeal has 4 ingredients that will boost your metabolism. I wouldn’t use ground unless you don’t mind having lots of grainy bits….stick cinnamon would be much better! The other half should be covered and refrigerated and this should be consumed in the morning. Move your body more 4. I will definitely try this. Can we use regular powder cinnamon? I am trying to improve my eating and drinking habits which is a slow process but…I couldn’t do the water so I tried it with tea and I am in LOVE with this drink. I’m going to try your other flavor boosters to mix it up so I don’t get tired of this one! Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. The best tip I can give you is if you screw up don’t give up! I do NOT want you sick! GOOD JOB! Anyway, the one bad habit that I just haven’t been able to kick is Diet drinks… I’ve cut back, but not cut out. I could do it w/ an apple, but I never use cinnamon stix. Can you reuse the cinnamon stick? Lose 3 lbs a week? Refrigerated & poured over a glassful of ice or half ice, infusion in the same amt & cold water to fill. Sometimes, though, it’s just the habit! Is that because it’s used as a type of cleanser? After drinking 2 glasses, I don’t think there is nothing left in my body, been in the bathroom twice already. Apple cider taste great with it. Step 6. I also have what appears to be acne which is weird because I never break out. So glad you liked the recipe, I always tell people if you start with the following 4 things the pounds will start melting away: 1. I’m so glad I found your website (via Pinterest)! I’ll have to stay tuned for more of your blog! Then, add 6 drops each of vanilla oil and cinnamon oil. Add a whole apple instead of half. With one of these infuser bottles, you can refill the water over and over again and the flavor of the apples and cinnamon will still infuse into the water. If you have any requests or questions please let me know. I was even surprised that my 6yr old really like it, too. Audrey, I’m still trying to find that link you mentioned to Sodastream – I’m familiar with those, we had them at home when I was growing up, and I love sparkling water. OOOh I am going to try this. Apples and Cinnamon BOTH boost metabolism. Are the Cinnamon sticks supposed to disolve??? Couldn’t wait for my second glass! I am going to try your apple cinnamon water. I will ask the rest of my questions on facebook, like how often should I weigh myself? Audrey Sounds nice. It’s normal for me (baby #5) but I’m so, so tired of it. If you want to switch it up check out all my Day Spa inspired waters at the link below, I am constantly thinking up new ones so check back:, I found some on Amazon for you: It tastes bland, but it works. Did I do something wrong? This is because the spice has a fine texture that can make it easy to inhale. Pretending you invented cinnamon water is a crime, and I will make you pay hell for it (AHEM harvardhomegirl). I may have to try out myself! Don’t use the powdery shit that comes in solid plastic packaging. When you use the soda stream, do you do it before the apples and cinnamon, or after? Don’t eat or drink any fake sugars (NONE of them) or any processed foods (preservatives, chemicals…) 3. I think you can get a bag of Raspberries, Blackberries and Blueberries mixed together in the frozen food section. To make apple cinnamon water easier to take on the go, check out ourÂ. Try out some of my other metabolism boosting meals and you will well on your way to dropping 3 lbs a week. If you are allergic PLEASE do not drink this! But I love the drink . Try it out and let me know how it works. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Thus there are less than 1 calorie consumed per glass.Â. Walked in kitchen….I see apples, cinnamon, cold water……all adds up to one yuMMy drink…… a added bonus for weight-loss. There is a category sidebar of my recipes 🙂, I am so glad you like it! Doesn’t seem like it does much. I made this and LOVE it! Also add a cinnamon stick to the pot. Cinnamon water, a simple and quick to make fat cutter drink using cinnamon stick or cinnamon powder.Cinnamon water is a wonder drink for those looking for drinks that aid in losing weight. I didn’t have a cinnamon stick so I put a tablespoon of ground cinnamon in a coffee filter and tied it off! (Sorry for asking, im a teenager and im confused..). LOVE. This sounds really interesting. Add 1/4 tsp cinnamon to the hot water & stir, this dissolves the cinnamon. I really didn’t think I’d like it – but I was pleasantly surprised. hi I’m an older person and I’m overweight do you think this well work for me. Trying to dissolve powdered cinnamon can be frustrating because it generally floats on the surface no matter how many times you stir it in. Just tried it today. I used Rasberries and it didn’t work for me any ideas on how to make it work. So if you want to weigh 135 you should have no more than 1350 calories per day. Here is another recipe to check out, makes a great lunch and boosts your metabolism:, And another talking about my 150lb weight loss: it won’t bother me too much. Make sure to slice the apples as thin as you can get them. I can’t work so this blog is how I keep my mind sharp and stay away from depression. 🙂. Remove the skin of a pineapple and wash well with water. I also have a workout drink that has more potassium and calcium than this one to build strong muscles and give your body back what it needs: I’m letting it sit awhile. Water in general will help you lose weight, before you eat anything drink two big glasses of water so you won’t need to eat so much. Im hoping i have found a little light in my dark life. I didn’t read all reply’s but I wanted to mention that I used one of my Keurig K cup filters and put ground cinnamon in it and dropped it in the water jug and it works great!! This is NOT a detox plan, you need to eat too! I have already had someone tell me she killed it at her weekly Weight Watcher’s meeting after enjoying this for a week. My version has almost-ripe mangoes, cashew fruit, apples (NOT a fan of Fuji), LETTUCE (yes, any kind), grapes (sliced in half) & lime wedges. Place in the fridge for 1 hour before serving. A few days? I used to go to a Japanese spa in San Fran & they had fruit-flavored waters set out for the patrons: sliced strawberries w/ mint leaves; orange & lemons, thinly sliced (you cld also add mint) were the 2 usuals. I am obsessed with foods that boost your metabolism, check out my recipe below. Stop eating processed foods and fake sugars, just eat all natural 3. I feel like your blog might be able to help me crawl out of this hole and get back to be like i used to be. and all I’ve been drinking is this water. I just made this and used cinnamon powder and it tasted awesome! HAPPY COOKING! If they don’t…well then you probably live under a rock. Take your goal weight and add a zero to the end, that is how many calories you should have each day. How many calories do you usually have a day? All of my recipes are 100% all natural and will help you get to your goal faster. This page is difficult to respond on, message me here next time: After leaving it to cool, you can pour into a glass bottle or jar and half submerge a handful of bamboo sticks. Can’t wait to get started! I finally went through my first pitcher! 🙂 Thx, Then you should read this post I wrote 🙂 It is just for Stay at Home Moms <3,, Ohhh I have a question!!! Top 5 Best Seller Fruit Infused Water Bottles, Detox Diet Week: 7 Day Weight Loss Cleanse, Detox Water: The Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss, Infused Water: The Ultimate Weight Loss Secret, Lemon Water: 7 Benefits and Recipes for a Weight Loss Cleanse, Detox Drinks: The Guide to Better Health and Weight Loss, 10 Best Green Smoothie Recipes for Quick Weight Loss, 6 Metabolism Boosting Drinks for Weight Loss, 5 receitas de água saborizada para desintoxicar e reduzir o inchaço | Um pouco de Tudo, Detox Water: The Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss - Integrative Medicine, Detox Water: Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss - Secrets To Nutrition, Fruit-Infused Water Ideas to Help Detoxify and Slim Down, Diet Plan To Lose Weight Fast : This ZERO CALORIE detox drink naturally BOOSTS METABOLISM and helps you LOSE WEI... - Healthy | Leading Health & well-being Inspiration source, 5 Delicious Fruit Infused Water Recipes to Help You Slim Down, 50 công thức làm nước uống detox giảm cân cá»±c kool lại dễ làm - NẮNG MAI HỒNG, 5 receitas de água saborizada para desintoxicar e reduzir o inchaço – 1001 Ideias, Receitas para emagrecer - como ganhar dinheiro na olx,,,,,,, Easy Crock Pot Apple Butter Recipe {LOW CALORIE}, 30 Days of Motivational Quotes for Fitness, Easy Crockpot Pork Chop Recipe {LOW CALORIE}, Tequila Sunrise Recipe {Low Calorie and Easy}. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Wow! I want to start working on that, so I figured I’d try this flavored water. Also I noticed the apples are starting to turn but it’s not time to change them yet? Place in fridge for a minimum of 10 minutes before drinking but overnight is even better, keep refilling when it gets 1/2 way down. Betty Jo, I don’t think anyone has let me know about that yet 🙂. I am allergic to cinnamon… would adding just apples to the water still be beneficial? Really Cecelia? Count your calories, here is a great equation: take your goal weight and add a zero to the end that is your calorie goal for the day. Mix some powdered cinnamon with warm water and let it sit overnight. This Apple Cinnamon Water recipe has helped 1000′s of people lose weight! It’s great for parties too, put a pitcher or punch bowl of it out and people will go wild for your fancy water 🙂. I bet you will drop over 5 lbs the first week you go completely off fake sugars and foods with preservatives and chemicals. I made my water yesterday morning using one whole cut up Fuji apple and 3 cinnamon sticks ( I really love cinnamon). Then i lost that job due to kidney stones, migraines, and back and nerve pain (too many er trips from work) and ive been unemployed (trying everyday to find something i can do with health issues) for 2 years. 2. I’m allergic to cinnamon but I’m trying this anyway. I found your day spa apple cinnamon water on pinterest and finally got around to making some. Did you come up with a mint one yet? ( Log Out /  So proud of you 🙂 So glad you are enjoying the blog! walmart was out of the stick 🙁. I recommend you like my Facebook page, there is a forum there and I answer questions very fast over there plus there is a weekly competition and last week 2 people lost OVER 10 lbs! Then add the cinnamon sticks in the pitcher. STEP CINCO: Boil the water with the cinnamon in it (I know, mind blowing). That’s amazing! Hey Audrey, I really love this idea but why is is a big no no to use ground cinnamon? Gives me energy, but not TONS:). Add another cinnamon stick and more apple if you want more flavor. Not yet, toss some inside your favorite Day Spa Water:, I LOVE GRAPES!!!!! Gotta say, it’s WONDERFUL! Last night, I made orange-lemon-key lime-cinnamon-mint water. You should also check out my Watermelon Rosemary water, it is perfect for workouts! My 3 year old daughter loves it too 🙂. Or add the cinnamon-apple water! potpourri per 1 cup of water. Cannot wait to try this as I do drink tons of water. Take this lemon cinnamon water for example. Check out my post tomorrow I think you will like it. Oh! Read the rest of the comments, some people have founds ways to make ground work. Check it out and happy cooking: Like what do i do, just drink it and the weight will come off, do i have to exersize, or what? ( Log Out /  I let it chill overnight! To make yourself a cup of cinnamon tea, begin by combining 1 and 1/2 cups of water and a cinnamon stick in a pot. I’m honestly scared to eat food because I feel like anything I eat will put weight on me =( I have been eating like 1 small meal a day though. over nite. After the water has boiled for 15 minutes, remove it from the heat and let it steep for another 15 minutes. Drink a gallon of water a day 2. So on day, my uterus decided to be more of a bitch than usual, and I asked my mom what to do. Nevermind just saw the answer about the apples!! It’s worth the $10-20 investment in your health! STEP THREE: Pour that water into a pot, or one of those water heating things in your kitchen, whatever. Simmer on low heat to infuse water about 5-8 minutes or until water absorbs cinnamon color. I just posted one today that recharges you after a workout:, And there are metabolism boosting meals too:, Great job! Drink 1/2 of this before going to bed. It’s great to find alternative flavored waters (that aren’t diet drinks chalked full of aspartame–cancer causing). Well…..unless you put the ground cinnamon in a some cloth….make a cinnamon ‘tea bag’…?? I usually only drink water but since getting pregnant, I’m having a harder and harder time keeping hydrated. You lost 150 lbs. And if Ur lucky a Spanish store . I also think you can give up sodas all together, have you tried pellegrino or club soda? Maybe my body needs to get adjusted to it. How did you do it? ( Log Out /  Try drinking 32 oz of water with breakfast lunch and dinner, you will fill up faster and will stay hydrated while slimming down. Ground and sticks both have the same nutritional value. You need a “Pin It” button so we can share your great tips on Pinterest! 2. All it tasted like was an extremely watered down apple. Check out some of my Metabolism Boosting meals to really kick your body in gear and if you mess up don’t stress. I lost 150lbs in 12 months eating this way! You think its still good? Did the powder work? Yum! Cinnamon and honey are another fantastic detox duo. if we don’t have cinnamon sticks can we use ground cinnamon? I’m on WW and I’ve lost 36 pounds. Thank you so much for sharing this. Just add your packet of yeast to a cup of warm milk. One of the best ways to extract all the goodness from cinnamon is to soak the stick in water and sip on it on a regular basis. Now, you must understand, I LOVE cinnamon, so I used lots! Made it in a cute glass pitcher, left it in the refrig. Thank you for showing me your video! Like club soda? So glad you like it! I recommend one or two cinnamon sticks and not the powder. We don’t have the option of cinnamon sticks on our island (at least none that I have found) so I am going to try blondie’s idea about the cinnamon teabag. Now, add a teaspoon of raw, organic honey to the cinnamon water and stir. What a GREAT idea Hannah! But now it’s tuesday and I have the worst headache in the world. As with any yeasted bread, you’ll start the recipe by proofing the yeast. Hopefully it will have a great taste. Can we continue eating meals or just this drink? I added it, thanks for the heads up Mandee 🙂. After. Hurray! Doing this you can lose on average 5 lbs a week, and up to 100 lbs by June, but most likely a goal of 75 by June is more achievable and only an average of 3 lbs a week. Some people say it’s great and some say it doesn’t dissolve. I am working on another Metabolism Boosting drink, in the mean time try grapefruit in your water, it also boosts metabolism. Bring to a boil and simmer on low until the whole house smells great. I’ll find out what it’s like when I get home. There is also a Metabolism Boosting Food list on this link: Just like all others, I’m going to try this as well. I will swear by this. Thanks Deborah! It’s on the same page as my book, below the buy it now button. BE WARNED cinnamon water does not taste good. And if I dont have cinnamon sticks, can I use cinnamon powder? If you want a longer-lasting cinnamon air freshener, you can boil cinnamon and vanilla pods together to infuse water with the fragrance. what island are you on? It’s great! I’d definitely leave it a few hours or overnight before drinking it. I made this last night & loved it…looking forward to trying your other flavors! I’ve been told that cinnamon sticks are reusable (indefinitely, but I’d say until the flavor decreases)! I went to the store to get my Cinnamon sticks and Figi Apples…. I’m upping my exercise, and being the summer months, I’m trying to drink more water too. I have done lemon mint served it at a resturant huge hit. Put in a saucepan the equivalent of a cup of water and bring to a boil. Long story short, periods and cramps at the same time means that you’re shedding your uterus tissue, bleeding, and you feel like you’re definitely going to die of cramp pain. Now, while some (ahem…harvardhomegirl) may THINK that they know how to make cinnamon water, they do not. Just a health tidbit – one should drink a quart of water per 50 lbs of weight per day. Afterall, that is where I found you. I drink a gallon to two a day, if you are hungry drink two big glasses of this before your meal, you won’t eat as much because you will already be a little full. Each serving (approximately 1 glass) has: *You are not eating the fruit, just infusing the cinnamon apple water. The ideal ratio of Cinnamon to water is 3/4 (75%) of a 3 inch sticks to one cup. Ive been doing this recipe of Apples and cinnamon in water for 3 days now and at first I didnt like the taste going down but the after taste was like apple pie now ive been drinking all day and its better… also I think the longer you let them sit and soak in water the more potent your drink will be …mine is at least. Another good flavour combination is pineappple and mango. I gained alot of weight in the past 2 years due to inactivity & depression & medications I’m taking because of a whole bunch of medical issues. The goal here is to give up the diet sodas, the fake sugar drinks (propel, crystal light etc.) 100 calorie packs for instance are all preservatives, chemicals and chemical derived thickening agents. I would LOVE to lose 100lbs by June but I kno thats not possible lol so my goal is atleast 60lbs by June. Let me know if you have any requests or questions. So I actually bought this water bottle that has a little compartment in which you put your fruits or cinnamon in it! ( Log Out /  Let the water come to a slow boil, covered, over a medium heat. You get the fiber, some carbs & it’s refreshing. Thanks for sharing! Leave it to boil for around 30 minutes. She said it’s better not to it clogs the water. You should check out my facebook page, I name a Weight Loss Superstar of the Week there and give daily recipes and tips: Here is a post that might help you kick your weight loss into the next gear: im trying this in the morning already mixed it up. Those who do not seek council from the appropriate health care authority assume the liability of any injury which may occur.

Clayne Crawford Net Worth 2020, Proxy War Vietnam, Burt Lake Walleye Fishing, How To Make A Pebble Path, Old Testament Scriptures For Funerals, Wallowa Lake Resort, Who Owns Kendo Brands,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *