hoolock gibbon endangered species

1; IUCN., 2014). Hoolock hoolock. Preservation of the tropical forest is imperative to gibbon survival - if it disappears, so do the gibbons. We presented the result of a systematic survey on the population size and distribution of the Endangered Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing) in Houqiao Town, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province of China.A total of 15–18 individuals of H. tianxing in 5–6 gibbon groups and one solitary gibbon were recorded during the survey conducted in November 2019. The mammal is believed to have a life expectancy of 25 years in the wild. Newly recognised species given the name ‘Skywalker hoolock gibbon’ by the team that proved it was distinct from other Chinese gibbons Georgia Brown Wed … We found that deforestation and hunting had exterminated both species from many sites. In India, it is listed on Schedule 1 of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act 1972. In Bangladesh both species are critically endangered and distributed mainly in the northeast and southeast hilly regions bordering neighboring India and Myanmar. Where in India. The main reasons for this are habitat loss and degradation, hunting and illegal trade. A further new species, Hoolock tianxing, with an estimated population of about 200 in China, was discovered in southwest China in 2017. The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia * Corresponding author. Globally, Hoolock gibbon populations are dwindling due to forest clearance, disturbance, and hunting and are now recognised as being Endangered by the World Conservation Union. Western hoolock gibbon A female in the foreground, and a male in the background Conservation status. Many zoos in major US cities have these animals on exhibit. The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. Multilevel action plans that closely involve and benefit local communities are the only way forward to save the endangered gibbons of India. It is believed that the name for the endangered species 'Hoolock' is from the Assamese (holou) or related languages. POPULATION: The global population of this species is estimated to be <3000 individuals, with India possessing the vast majority (2600). Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Hoolock gibbons are found in Bangladesh, India, China and Myanmar. The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. The silvery gibbon, also known as the Javan gibbon, is very rare and endangered. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. A new subspecies of the western hoolock gibbon has been described recently from northeastern India, which has been named the Mishmi Hills hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock mishmiensis. In early 2012 FFI identified a priority conservation site for the endangered western hoolock gibbon: Pauk Sa Mountain. The species is probably endangered. 1940 First systematic behavioural study of wild gibbons by Clarence R. Carpenter ; 1990 Conservation breeding programmes setup for the Pileated Gibbon; 2005 Hoolock Gibbons reclassified to species level; 2008 FFI setup the Cardomom Project in Cambodia; Habitat. PRELIMS QUESTION. The Hainan gibbon is considered an umbrella species for the Hainan Island. Learn more about the Gibbon's habitat by watching Earth's Green Heart - Asia. x. White-Handed Gibbon (Hylobates lar) CONSERVATION STATUS: ENDANGERED. Western hoolock gibbons consume upto 100 species of plants, with food choices greatly varying from site to site. All known populations have undergone declines primarily due to habitat destruction or alteration. Western Hoolock Gibbon. The Gibbon Center is one of the few organizations that houses this species outside their country of origin. Critically Endangered Species Info. Key Details. About 200 animals are thought to exist in China as well as an unknown number in Myanmar. GCC founder, Alan Mootnick, was involved with the discovery of their subgenus, and is credited with their renaming and elevation to genus level. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. White … Bangladesh, India, Myanmar — The population of this south Asian gibbon has declined by over 90% since the early 1970s when they totalled over 100,000. The IUCN has classified the population of the western hoolock as endangered and that of the eastern hoolock as vulnerable. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. The population of the Skywalker hoolock gibbon is unknown, but it's believed to be very low. 56 Keywords: New species, Hoolock tianxing, gibbon, Mt. Though the sanctuary is said to have one of the densest populations of the small ape, the latest census results from 2019 show only 77 individual hoolock gibbons remain in the forest. "Populations of western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years, and it is now considered to be one of the most endangered 25 primate species in the world. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. A new species of gibbon identified in remote forests in China has been named after Star Wars character Luke Skywalker. The two districts used to be covered with dense, tropical rainforests, which provided ideal tree canopies for the arboreal, brachiating ape species. The eastern hoolock gibbon is vulnerable but not yet endangered. Hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) are endangered small apes occurring in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, and south China. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. The species is confined to 29 fragmented forested areas in western and central Java. Species like the gray or Mueller’s gibbons, which Nat Geo’s own Joel Sartore recently featured in a piece on endangered zoo animals, are being phased out of breeding programs in favor of more endangered gibbon species. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two globally endangered wildlife species limited to only tropical Asian forests. Also Read - Assam Police Arrests Opposition MLA Over 'Objectionable' Remarks on … Hoolock gibbons are native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India and Southwest China. Endangered Gibbons. Two species of Hoolock gibbons, Eastern Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) have been reported to occur in India. The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): China, India, Southeast Asia. People ’ s Trust for endangered species 'Hoolock ' is from the Hylobatidae ( gibbon ) family is also in... Are limited to only tropical Asian forests ( Fig background conservation status and Kamjong districts of Manipur gibbons live Asia! The only one, the ape is unquestionably a precious jewel of Indian. 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