ethical issues in nursing

As a nurse myself, I knew the drill but I was very uncomfortable. Ethical nurse leaders create work environments that impact employee choices, behaviors, and values. When you’re attempting to overcome the obstacles to vaccination, you must attempt to unearth why a parent is anti-vaccine, provide them with accurate information about the importance of vaccinating and discuss their hesitation. I recently had a bilateral mastectomy and breast reconstruction at a major Boston hospital. Kristie Aylett, APR, Fellow PRSA, is the Public Relations/Communications Consultant for the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. DOI:10.3912/OJIN.Vol20No02Man04 Key words:Ethics, code of ethics, nursing, profession To practice competently and with integrity, today's nurses must have in place several key elements that guide the profession... Professional nursing is defined as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health an… The fact that the patient is incarcerated is only a circumstance of his or her situation and does not, and should not, change how the nurse practices or how the nurse views the patient. Citation: Milliken, A., (January 31, 2018) "Ethical Awareness: What It Is and Why It Matters" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in NursingVol. There are also issues with workplace bullying in nursing. We found high levels of moral distress frequency when nurses deemed that the care being provided was futile, and the highest level of moral distress frequency occurred when the wishes of the patient’s family to continue life support were followed even though the nurse believed that doing so was not in the best interest of the patient.”. Ethical and legal issues in nursing 1. Every day, nurses support each other to fulfill their ethical obligations to patients and the public, but in an ever-changing world there are increased challenges. She says the number one resource accessed on the AACN website in 2018 was related to ethics: a study published in the American Journal of Critical Care about Predictors of Moral Distress in a US Sample of Critical Care Nurses. Ethical nursing care is based upon rational science and decision making. Futile care or aggressive interventions. Ethical issues in nursing can be tough, but they’re not going anywhere. For nurses to fulfill their ethical obligations to patients, it is vital to have access to a wide range of information and to keep up-to-date with advances in ethical practices. Patients trust nurses and other healthcare providers to take care of them, but also to keep their medical information safe. Ethics in nursing is fundamental to the integrity of the nursing profession and ensure better patient outcomes. No matter what type of ethical issues you’re facing, remember there are avenues for assistance, including your nurse manager or your facility’s ethics committee. Leadership plays a significant role in developing and maintaining nursing ethics. Patients trust nurses to do what’s best for them, and they have a right to know the details, but not all situations are so black and white. Nurses need to decide when technological interventions should be used and when hospice is best. “Ethics” is a formal decision-making process, used to determine the rightness of conduct. If the quality of life isn’t good and the patient is on their deathbed, they may choose to end it all. “Some nurses feel it is ‘starving the person to death.’ This is even worse in the pediatric setting when the parents have made the decision to discontinue life-sustaining treatments and focus on comfort. Nursing ethics require you to inform your patients of the necessity for medical treatment, but you can’t force them to accept it. Treating a cancer patient is a complicated task as some cancer patients often present with signs and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and in worse case scenarios, episodes of violent reactions . “The Code,” as it is called in the nursing field, is a tool nurses use to make these tough decisions – both now and in the future. The discomfort among nurses grows the longer the child is alive and not being fed.”, 2. As the Duquesne University School of Nursing explains on its blog, some religions restrict medical interventions, so patients or their family members with strong religious convictions may feel that science-based health care infringes on their religious beliefs and refuse much-needed treatment. “Morals” refer to the rules and principles of right conduct (Blais, et a… The work keeps them constantly busy, which doesn’t allow much time to take care of yourself. Our role is to help the patient and family meet those goals, not convince them otherwise,” concludes Staples-Evans. The ANA’s nursing code of ethics delves into this issue and states that nurses must respect their patient’s religious beliefs, but that doesn’t imply they condone those beliefs. Do you protect the staff member from losing their job or a patient from malpractice? According to Staples-Evans, some of the opioid-related ethical dilemmas nurses face are “fear of giving opioids to individuals at the end of life, because the nurse doesn’t want to be the one to give the ‘last dose,’ and nurses not giving pain medications or advocating for their patients in pain because they’re concerned with addiction.”. Your email address will not be published. If the answer is yes, then the treatment should be continued; if not, the treatment shouldn’t be done.”. Dealing with ethical issues will always be a factor in the field of nursing. If you need help with an ethical dilemma, the Hastings Center and the ANA have several helpful resources for nursing. DOI:10.3912/OJIN.Vol23No01Man01 Key Words:ethical awareness, nursing ethics, ethical sensitivity, moral sensitivity, critical care Ethical awareness involves recognizing the ethical implications of all nursing actions, and is the first step in moral action. Many nurses are overworked, hospitals are understaffed, and the pay is not always the greatest. Does a patient really want to know they may die at any moment, or will this only further complicate their condition? Before a medical procedure takes place, it is the nurse’s responsibility to obtain informed consent. Sometimes patients don’t have the availability or means to carry out the task and search for help. It is imperative they have a sound understanding of various ethical, legal and professional issues they will face during their careers. The accepted definition of professional nursing has inspired a new advocacy role for nurses. Top 10 Most Prevalent Ethical Issues In Nursing, When & How To Fill Out A HIPAA Authorization Form, CareCloud Review: Platform, Security, And Comparison To Others. Many of the challenges facing the healthcare system in the … Healthcare can be competitive, but nurses need to work as a team along with doctors. ‘Ethical dilemmas in nursing occur when the RN experiences a conflict with personal values or beliefs and with some aspect of patient care. It’s the nurse’s job to make sure each patient understands this and maintains the right of the patient to make this decision. Nurses must adhere to ethical guidelines surrounding the opioid epidemic as they struggle with the dilemma of the best treatment approach for their patients. Technology has extended the life of the population, but not the quality. Required fields are marked *, Providing ethical values, duties, and obligations of those in the profession, Serving as the nursing industry’s nonnegotiable ethical standard, Expressing an understanding and vital commitment to people everywhere. The American Nurses Association developed the Code of Ethics for Nurses to establish the ethical standard for nurses and the ethical obligations and duties of everyone in the nursing profession. Some are rooted in time and will never change, while others are brought about by new changes in technology. Each nurse enters into this social contract and agrees to follow the Code, promising to provide safe, high-quality health care for everyone and anyone who needs help. In today’s healthcare environment, ethical issues in nursing are becoming increasingly complex. Rehabilitation nurses, in particular, encounter challenging ethical situations in the settings in which they practice. Ethical issues spring up when it’s hard to say what is the right thing to do. Nurses need to respect patient autonomy, even when questioned by law enforcement officials. Many nurses struggle with the stressful work life. The Center is committed to addressing the complex ethical and human rights issues confronting nurses and designing activities and programs to increase the ethical competence and human rights sensitivity of nurses. Discuss the following with your classmates: •What is the ethical issue involved? 1, Manuscript 1. Here are the 10 most common ethical issues in nursing today. Some days may go smoothly, but others can be trying. This is another ethical dilemma that nurses often deal with, truth telling. Sometimes more than one ethical issue brings up a conflict of interest where you need to decide whether to back up your co-workers (doctors and other nurses on your team) or your patient. Technology and social media today can further blur the line between personal and professional behavior. TINA GIBSON 6 hours ago, at 7:06 AM NEW As nurses we take a vow to practice by core values, principles and with ethical standards. Professional codes of ethics and ethical principles will help guide the nurse through these workplace problems. These are the most prevalent issues nurses face. Bioethics bring concerns of the enormous implications we could be causing whereas issues with genetic testing surround the availability of benefits to those with money. The Code is updated regularly to reflect changes in the healthcare setting, and it delves into the foundational values of nursing that don’t change. These articles and links offer context for nurses on difficult issues and best-practice recommendations. Balancing care quality and efficiency. A parent’s autonomy gives them the right to refuse to immunize their children, but not vaccinating potentially poses a public health hazard and could cause previously eradicated diseases to reappear. Some nurses may have also graduated before genomics and genetic testing was common, or patients may try an online genetic profile that put healthcare providers in awkward positions. Created to help nurses weave through some of the ethical issues they face in their work, the nursing code of ethics was developed by the American Nurses Association (ANA). Ethics regards standards of moral judgement and professional conduct. These principles include beneficence which is doing no harm to the patient, maleficence which is doing harm to a patient for positive outcome, justice in allocating care based on need not status and patient autonomy which is respecting the patients right to make health decisions. According to The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, an ethical conflict occurs when a person, group or society is uncertain about what to do when faced with competing moral choices. Life and death decisions are a part of nursing, and ethics are therefore fundamental to the integrity of the nursing profession. This is one of the main reasons that careers in nursing fluctuate and new job opportunities open consistently. “Some issues that have caused concerns among nurses are placement of a G-tube in a nursing home patient with end-stage dementia who is no longer eating and not placing a G-tube in a stroke patient based on their Advance Directive that states he/she would never want a feeding tube placed. The struggle is to perform the job and provide the best possible patient care no matter what the RN is feeling. A common barrier to noncompliance is science versus spirituality. Issues are not always easy. These issues aren’t isolated, and in fact, they are woven into the practice of nurses in all levels and settings. Nurses have the responsibility to recognize and identify ethical issues that affect staff and patients. However, nurses support each other through these ethical obligations. The gratification nurses get from patients is what makes nursing a great vocation-contact with patients is fulfilling because nurses don't demand or expect anything in return. Nursing interventions may increase the patients’ suffering without necessarily improving an outcome. Truth-telling. “Not giving artificial feeds and hydration to a dying person is very difficult for the families and staff,” Staples-Evans continued. Along the lines of telling the truth, nurses face ethical dilemmas in disclosing medical conditions. Ethics provides a framework for nurses to have critical thinking when delivering better and quality care to patient. Patients want to reserve dignity, some even have set plans for their end-of-life care that should be respected. Ethical issues are of concern to all nurses. 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